Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint
How does the Knee joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.
The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.
Find out more about Knee Arthroscopy from the following links.
A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the ‘prostheses'.
Find out more about Total Knee Replacement with the following links.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament ACL Reconstruction
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure located in the centre of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately it doesn't heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee.
ACL reconstruction is a commonly performed surgical procedure and with recent advances in arthroscopic surgery can now be performed with minimal incisions and low complication rates.
ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon
This simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement. The knee joint is made up of 3 compartments, the patellofemoral and medial and lateral compartments between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Often only one of these compartments wears out, usually the medial one. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings suggestive of this then you may be suitable for this procedure.
Find out more about Unicondylar Knee Replacement with the following links.
This means that part or all of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from very minor adjustments to massive operations replacing significant amounts of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.
Find out more about Revision Knee Replacement with the following links.
Please use the links below to get more information from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons:
Broken Bones and Injury
- Femur (Thighbone) Fractures in Adults
- Femur (Thighbone) Fractures in Children Growth Plate Fractures Proximal Tibia Fractures
- Shinbone (Tibia) Fractures
- Stress Fractures
Tears and Instability
- Kneecap, Unstable
- Ligament Injuries of the Knee
- Meniscus, Tears of
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament, Tears of
Diseases and Syndromes
- Bowed Legs
- Bursitis of the Knee: Goosefoot (Pes Anserine)
- Bursitis of the Knee: Kneecap (Prepatellar)
- Limb Length Discrepency
- Osteonecrosis of the Knee
- Arthritis of the Knee
- Osteoarthritis of Knee -- Social Impact
- Osteoarthritis of the Knee - Frequently Asked Questions
- Burning Thigh Pain (Meralgia paresthetica)
- Compartment Syndrome
- Knee Pain, Adolescent Anterior
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)
- Runner's Knee (Patellofemoral Pain)
Treatment and Rehabilitation
- Anesthesia for Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery
- Knee Replacement and Implants
- Knee Replacement, Cemented and Cementless
- Knee Replacement, Minimally Invasive
- Knee Replacement, Osteotomy and Unicompartmental Replacement (Arthroplasty)
- Total Knee Replacement
- Care of Casts and Splints
- How to use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers
- Viscosupplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Arthroscopy and Reconstruction